The Pluses And Minuses Of Different Types Of Water Treatment Systems

Posted on: 11 January 2018

Each type of water treatment system has its good and bad points, but if your water supply is loaded with minerals, hard metals, or biological contaminants, any improvement is a good one.

Here are a few examples of water treatment systems and the specific water quality issues that they address.

Water Softening Systems

These systems use the introduction of sodium ions into a water supply that is plagued with mineral deposits such as calcium and magnesium. The water first passes through a tank of water treated with salt. The sodium ions of the salt have an electrical charge that opposes that of the calcium and magnesium ions in the water.

The positively and negatively charged ions are mutually attracted and bind together, trapping the mineral deposits in the tank where they sink to the bottom in ignominy. The "softened" water is then flushed into the storage tank for use within the home.

Environmental concerns over excessive amounts of sodium in waste water as well as slightly elevated levels of sodium in drinking water are among the less pleasing aspects of this type of water treatment approach.

Reverse Osmosis Systems

These systems remove contaminants the old fashioned way, which is through brute force. Water is forced through a filter that traps contaminants. No chemicals are involved in the process.

The main drawback of reverse osmosis systems is the substantial water loss that occurs due to the inability of the filter to handle the full capacity of the water supply.

Ultraviolet Water Purification Systems

This type of water treatment is used only for biological agents in the water supply. UV (ultraviolet) rays are created by lights passing through a tube filled with mercury vapor. Exposure to this wavelength of UV light corrupts the DNA of bacteria in the water, rendering it ineffectual and unable to replicate itself. 

The main drawback of this type of water treatment is that it has no effect on other types of contaminants that can cause mineral deposits or make drinking and bathing water harsh and smelly.

Of course, homeowners are not limited to singular whole-house systems to treat their water. They may opt for of type of whole house system for most of their home with smaller dedicated systems installed at kitchen sinks for cleaner or safer drinking water.

The possibilities and combinations are limited only by a homeowners needs and preferences. There's a water treatment solution for every type of water quality issue that might be present in a home. Water's a basic need, and clean water is a necessity, not a luxury, in a modern home. Contact companies like Water Tec to learn more about your water treatment options.